FAQ: According To Psychological Theories Of Drug Use, Who Is Most Susceptible To Drug Use?

What are the psychological theories of addiction?

Psychological theories There are a variety of psychological approaches to the explanation of drug dependence, including emphasis on learning and conditioning (behavioural models), cognitive theories, pre-existing behavioural tendencies (personality theories), and models of rational choice.

How does drug addiction relate to psychology?

The change from non-addict to addict occurs largely from the effects of prolonged substance use and behavior activities on brain functioning. Addiction affects the brain circuits of reward and motivation, learning and memory, and the inhibitory control over behavior.

What social factors influence drug use?

Social Risk Factors. Social factors that contribute to increased risk for adolescent substance use include deviant peer relationships, popularity, bullying, and association with gangs. Social influences and familial influences are often present simultaneously.

Who is considered a drug addict?

People who have a drug addiction experience compulsive, sometimes uncontrollable, craving for their drug of choice. Typically, they will continue to seek and use drugs in spite of experiencing extremely negative consequences as a result of using.

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What are the three main psychological theories of addiction?

This paper treats addiction as a problem of motivation, and reviews three main approaches to understanding motivation as applied to addiction: decision-theory, drive theory and behaviourism.

What are the 3 models of addiction?

Models of drug use

  • Moral model. During the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries addiction was viewed as a sin.
  • Disease model. The disease model assumes that the origins of addiction lie within the individual him/herself.
  • Psycho-dynamic model.
  • Social learning model.
  • Socio-cultural model.
  • Public health model.

How does drug addiction affect a person family and society?

Early exposure to a home divided by drug use can cause a child to feel emotionally and physically neglected and unsafe. As a result, they can become more mentally and emotionally unstable. Children may develop extreme guilt and self-blame for a parent’s substance abuse.

What can lead to addiction?

Regardless of your upbringing or moral code, many factors can raise your risk of becoming addicted to alcohol and other drugs. Your genetics, environment, medical history, and age all play a role. Certain types of drugs, and methods of using them, are also more addictive than others.

What are the key features of addiction?

The signs and symptoms vary from one addiction type to another, but some common symptoms of addiction include:

  • An inability to stop.
  • Changes in mood, appetite, and sleep.
  • Continuing despite negative consequences.
  • Denial.
  • Engaging in risky behaviors.
  • Feeling preoccupied with the substance or behavior.

What factors affect drug experience?

Factors influencing drug effects

  • Type of drug.
  • Quantity of drug used.
  • Method of drug use.
  • Time taken to consume.
  • Tolerance.
  • Gender, size and amount of muscle.
  • Use of other psycho-active drugs.
  • Mood or attitude.
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What are the 5 factors influencing substance use and abuse?

These factors are classified into: (1) parent–adolescent relationship, (2) peer pressure, (3) drug accessibility, (4) religiosity and (5) others.

What are some refusal skills for drugs?

When you are offered a drink or drugs, keep the following in mind:

  • Say “NO” quickly.
  • Your voice should be clear and firm.
  • Make direct eye contact.
  • Suggest an alternative:
  • Ask the person to stop offering you a drink and to not do so again.
  • Change the subject.

What’s the difference between drug abuse and misuse?

How is drug misuse different from drug abuse? The key difference between a person who misuses drugs and a person who abuses drugs is their intent. The former takes a drug to treat a specific ailment, whereas the latter uses a drug to elicit certain feelings.

How does addiction affect brain activity?

When someone develops an addiction, the brain craves the reward of the substance. This is due to the intense stimulation of the brain’s reward system. In response, many continue use of the substance, unlocking a host of euphoric feelings and strange behavioral traits.

What are the symptoms of substance abuse disorder?

Substance Use Disorders

  • Bloodshot eyes and abnormally sized pupils.
  • Sudden weight loss or weight gain.
  • Deterioration of physical appearance.
  • Unusual smells on breath, body, or clothing.
  • Tremors, slurred speech, or impaired coordination.

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