FAQ: The Psychological Reactance Theory May Help Explain Why?

What does psychological reactance mean in psychology?

Reactance is an unpleasant motivational arousal that emerges when people experience a threat to or loss of their free behaviors. It serves as a motivator to restore one’s freedom. The amount of reactance depends on the importance of the threatened freedom and the perceived magnitude of the threat.

Why do I have psychological reactance?

Reactance can occur when someone is heavily pressured to accept a certain view or attitude. Reactance can cause the person to adopt or strengthen a view or attitude that is contrary to what was intended, and also increases resistance to persuasion.

What is reactance in psychology example?

Reactance sometimes occurs when a person makes a choice that cuts off other choices. For example, Charlie gets a certain amount of lunch money every day at school and can choose what he wants, but he can’t have it all.

What are the main consequences of reactance theory?

Consequences of Reactance That is, they become upset, distressed, angry, or emotionally charged. Over the decades, researchers have been able to identify three main ways that people direct this arousal. These are known as the main consequences of psychological reactance.

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How can we avoid psychological reactance?

Here’s a trick: To disarm psychological reactance, change the way you talk to yourself. Instead of thinking you “have to” do something, tell yourself you “get to” or even “deserve to” do it. By changing the dialogue, you empower yourself. Now you’re in charge.

Which of the following is explained by the theory of psychological reactance?

Terms in this set (19) The theory of psychological reactance predicts that when an individual’s perceived freedom is threatened by a proscribed attitude or behavior, the individual will experience a motivating pressure toward conforming with the position advocated in the proscriptive message.

Do humans like being told what to do?

“No one really likes being told what to do,” says behavioral health therapist Jane Pernotto Ehrman, MEd, RCHES, ACHT. “Resistance is engrained into our culture and brains from a young age. Everyone has some form of inner rebel that likes to question or do the opposite of what we’re told.”

How does reactance influence message persuasiveness?

In the context of persuasive messaging, research shows that individuals exhibiting high trait reactance experience greater freedom threats, and therefore are more resistant to persuasive attempts (Quick and Stephenson, 2008; Quick et al., 2011; LaVoie et al., 2017).

What is a psychological threat?

We define the experience of psychological threat as an uncomfortable and aversive state that results from an actual or perceived discrepancy between one’s current state and an end state (Kim and Rucker, 2012, Lazarus and Folkman, 1984).

What causes reactance?

Inductive reactance is caused by devices in which wire is wound circularly — such as coils (including line reactors), chokes, and transformers. Reactance that occurs in a capacitor is known as capacitive reactance.

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Is reactance and resistance the same?

Resistance and reactance are the properties of an electrical circuit that opposes the current. The main difference between reactance and resistance is that resistance measures the opposition to a flow of current, whereas reactance measures the opposition to a change in current.

What is forewarning in psychology?

A forewarning is a warning of an impending influence attempt. Consistent with the old adage, “forewarned is forearmed,” psychologists have discovered that forewarning often leads to resistance, which is decreased persuasion in the direction of the influence attempt.

How does obedience to authority influence our behavior?

Obedience is a form of social influence that involves performing an action under the orders of an authority figure. Instead, obedience involves altering your behavior because a figure of authority has told you to.

Who created the psychological reactance theory?

In 1966, psychologist Jack Brehm introduced his theory of reactance. He stated that people react strongly when freedom is being threatened. The term perceived freedom refers to the belief of the existence of freedom, like my belief that we could play with whatever ball we wanted.

What is asserting uniqueness?

asserting uniqueness. Definition. make differences known, but not too many.

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