FAQ: Which Of The Following Is (are) Possible Psychological Implications For Cardiovascular Conditions?

What psychological factors are implicated in cardiovascular disease?

It is well established that psychosocial factors are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Low socioeconomic status, lack of social support, stress at work and in family life, anxiety disorders and depression have all been shown to increase risk of developing CVD.

What are the psychological effects of coronary heart disease?

The result is often feelings of depression, anxiety, isolation, and diminished self-esteem. According to the National Institutes of Mental Health (NIMH), up to 65 percent of coronary heart disease patients with a history of heart attack experience various forms of depression.

What common psychosocial reactions occur with cardiovascular events?

Some studies have found that hostility and anger are associated with subclinical cardiovascular disease. High hostility scores and high trait anger and anger-in were associated with the extent and severity of carotid atherosclerosis 10 years later in a sample of 200 healthy postmenopausal women (140).

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Which psychological disorder has been linked to elevated risk of heart disease?

Heart disease and mental health are closely linked. Depression can be as big a risk factor for coronary heart disease as smoking, high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure. Depression can also affect the recovery of people with coronary heart disease and increase their risk of further heart problems.

What is one example of a cardiovascular disorder?

Heart attack. Heart failure. Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy) Heart valve disease.

What psychological or Behavioural characteristic is a risk factor for heart disease?

Psychological distress, particularly depression, is being increasingly recognized as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease (CHD). Depression is also associated with increased mortality risk following myocardial infarction.

How does coronary heart disease affect you socially?

You may experience various types of emotional distress or behavioural disturbance. Problems such as depression and anxiety are especially common. These conditions not only affect your emotional state but can also impact on your symptoms of heart disease.

Which of the following describes coronary heart disease?

A disease in which there is a narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries (blood vessels that carry blood and oxygen to the heart). Coronary heart disease is usually caused by atherosclerosis (a buildup of fatty material and plaque inside the coronary arteries).

Can anxiety damage your heart?

When someone is anxious, their body reacts in ways that can put an extra strain on their heart. The physical symptoms of anxiety can be especially damaging among individuals with existing cardiac disease.

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Which medication is given to clients who are diagnosed with angina but are allergic to aspirin?

Patients who are suspected of having ischaemic chest pain and who report allergy to aspirin should be given an alternative antiplatelet agent such as clopidogrel.

Is stress a psychosocial factor?

“Psychosocial” factors such as stress, hostility, depression, hopelessness, and job control seem associated with physical health —particularly heart disease. Adverse risk profiles in terms of psychosocial factors seem to cluster with general social disadvantage.

Why stress is often implicated as a factor in cardiovascular disease?

The hormone cortisol is released in response to stress. Studies suggest that the high levels of cortisol from long-term stress can increase blood cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar, and blood pressure. These are common risk factors for heart disease.

What is the link between psychological health and heart disease?

Over time, these physiologic effects can lead to calcium buildup in the arteries, metabolic disease, and heart disease. Evidence shows that mental health disorders—such as depression, anxiety, and PTSD—can develop after cardiac events, including heart failure, stroke, and heart attack.

Can emotional abuse cause heart problems?

Emotional trauma — such as the death of a spouse, mental or physical abuse, or posttraumatic stress disorder — increases risk of heart attack and heart death.

How is SES related to heart disease?

Having a low SES equated to higher rates of CHD death per 10,000 person-years among both men and women compared with their higher-SES counterparts: 16.6 (95% CI, 16.5-16.8) and 7.5 (95% CI, 7.4-7.6), respectively, versus 8.9 (95% CI, 8.9-9.0) and 3.4 (95% CI, 3.4-3.4).

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