Question: How Can Psychological Research Be Done With Developmentally Disabled Subjects Informed Consent?

What are some of the ethical considerations when doing research on the mentally disabled?

Ethical concerns include treatment of vulnerable populations, lack of informed consent, and benefit versus undue hardship when using people with disabilities as research participants. New technological advances, such as discussions on social media, present some new ethical concerns.

Why would it be important to include the developmentally disabled in research?

Understanding the characteristics and number of children who have ASD and other developmental disabilities is key to promoting awareness of the condition, helping educators and providers to plan and coordinate service delivery, and identifying important clues for future research.

Can a mentally disabled person give informed consent?

Additional requirements pertain to informed consent. For the purposes of IRB review, a mentally disabled individual is person who, because of mental illness, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, or senility, is incapable of giving informed consent.

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How do you communicate with developmentally disabled?

Approach the person as you would anyone else; speak directly to the person, using clear, simple communication. Treat persons who are adults as adults. Do not patronize, condescend, or threaten when communicating with the person. Do not make decisions for the person or assume that you know the person’s preferences.

What are examples of ethical considerations?

Ethical considerations during evaluation include:

  • Informed consent.
  • Voluntary participation.
  • Do no harm.
  • Confidentiality.
  • Anonymity.
  • Only assess relevant components.

What are the legal and ethical considerations for duty of care?

Duty of Care is the legal duty to take reasonable care so that others aren’t harmed and involves identifying risks and taking reasonable care in your response to these risks. Clear role descriptions and ensuring appropriate boundaries will assist to ensure that Duty of Care obligations are met.

What qualifies as a developmental disability?

Developmental disabilities are a group of conditions due to an impairment in physical, learning, language, or behavior areas. These conditions begin during the developmental period, may impact day-to-day functioning, and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime.

How does the social model of disability define a disability?

The social model of disability is a way of viewing the world, developed by disabled people. The model says that people are disabled by barriers in society, not by their impairment or difference. Barriers can be physical, like buildings not having accessible toilets.

How does a disability affect development?

A child with a general learning disability finds it more difficult to learn, understand and do things compared to other children of the same age. Like all children and young people, children with learning disabilities continue to progress and learn throughout their childhood – but more slowly.

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Who Cannot provide an informed consent?

A minor, someone who is 17 years and younger, is generally considered not competent to make informed consent decisions. As a result, it is the minor’s parents who provide the informed consent for treatment.

Can a person with an intellectual disability make a will?

5. Can someone else make a will for a person with intellectual disability? No. Guardians, trustees, parents and people under a power of attorney have no power to make a will on another’s behalf.

What is informed consent disability?

Informed consent means that a person understands their condition and its proposed treatment. People usually give their own consent to treatment. Without the information that relates to their medical condition and treatment, a person can’t make a fully informed choice and give valid consent for their medical treatment.

What are the 5 barriers for persons with disabilities?

According to the Government of Ontario, there are five identified barriers to accessibility for persons with disabilities. These barriers are attitudinal, organizational or systemic, architectural or physical, information or communications, and technology.

What are the common problems in communication?

Here are 10 common communication problems and mistakes:

  • Not Truly Listening.
  • Assuming You Know the Message Before the Person Finishes.
  • Interrupting the Speaker.
  • Using “You” Statements Instead of “I” Statements.
  • Letting Your Emotions Dictate Your Response.
  • Failing to Account for Cultural Differences in Communication.

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