Question: What Is The Psychological Reactance Theory?

What does psychological reactance mean in psychology?

Reactance is an unpleasant motivational arousal that emerges when people experience a threat to or loss of their free behaviors. It serves as a motivator to restore one’s freedom. The amount of reactance depends on the importance of the threatened freedom and the perceived magnitude of the threat.

What is reactance theory example?

Reactance sometimes occurs when a person makes a choice that cuts off other choices. For example, Charlie gets a certain amount of lunch money every day at school and can choose what he wants, but he can’t have it all.

What is social reactance theory?

Reactance theory is a social psychological theory developed by Jack Brehm (Brehm 1966, 1972; Brehm, Stires, Sensenig and Shaban 1966; Hammock and Brehm 1966). The theory is concerned with how individuals react when their freedom to choose is restricted.

What causes psychological reactance?

Reactance can occur when someone is heavily pressured to accept a certain view or attitude. Reactance can cause the person to adopt or strengthen a view or attitude that is contrary to what was intended, and also increases resistance to persuasion.

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How can we avoid psychological reactance?

Here’s a trick: To disarm psychological reactance, change the way you talk to yourself. Instead of thinking you “have to” do something, tell yourself you “get to” or even “deserve to” do it. By changing the dialogue, you empower yourself. Now you’re in charge.

How do you fix psychological reactance?

Having a feeling of choice can reduce the sense that our freedoms are being taken away from us. Combine autonomy with certainty (above) by communicating the certitude of inevitable action while seeking out other areas where you can give back control. Being playful with your language has been shown to reduce reactance.

Is reactance and resistance the same?

Resistance and reactance are the properties of an electrical circuit that opposes the current. The main difference between reactance and resistance is that resistance measures the opposition to a flow of current, whereas reactance measures the opposition to a change in current.

Who proposed reactance theory?

In 1966, psychologist Jack Brehm introduced his theory of reactance. He stated that people react strongly when freedom is being threatened. The term perceived freedom refers to the belief of the existence of freedom, like my belief that we could play with whatever ball we wanted.

What are the main consequences of reactance theory?

Consequences of Reactance That is, they become upset, distressed, angry, or emotionally charged. Over the decades, researchers have been able to identify three main ways that people direct this arousal. These are known as the main consequences of psychological reactance.

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What is obedience in social influence?

Obedience is a form of social influence that involves performing an action under the orders of an authority figure. Instead, obedience involves altering your behavior because a figure of authority has told you to.

What is social laziness?

Social loafing describes the tendency of individuals to put forth less effort when they are part of a group. Because all members of the group are pooling their effort to achieve a common goal, each member of the group contributes less than they would if they were individually responsible.

What is asserting uniqueness?

asserting uniqueness. Definition. make differences known, but not too many.

What is a psychological threat?

We define the experience of psychological threat as an uncomfortable and aversive state that results from an actual or perceived discrepancy between one’s current state and an end state (Kim and Rucker, 2012, Lazarus and Folkman, 1984).

What is reactance bias?

Reactance bias: This is the urge to do the opposite of what someone tells you because you feel as though they are constraining your freedom. We think of reactance bias when we think of teenage drinking or smoking.

How does reactance influence message persuasiveness?

In the context of persuasive messaging, research shows that individuals exhibiting high trait reactance experience greater freedom threats, and therefore are more resistant to persuasive attempts (Quick and Stephenson, 2008; Quick et al., 2011; LaVoie et al., 2017).

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