Readers ask: Which Of The Following Is An Intangible Item In A Psychological Contract?

What is included in a psychological contract?

The term ‘psychological contract’ refers to individuals’ expectations, beliefs, ambitions and obligations, as perceived by the employer and the worker. The concept emerged in the early 1960s and is core to understanding the employment relationship.

Which of the following is a direct cost of absenteeism?

What are the direct costs of absenteeism? Replacement for absent worker, Salary/benefits for absent worker.

Which of the following is considered to be an input by the equity theory?

Adams’ Equity Theory calls for a fair balance to be struck between an employee’s inputs ( hard work, skill level, acceptance, enthusiasm, and so on ) and an employee’s outputs (salary, benefits, intangibles such as recognition, and so on).

Which of the following theorists developed the need theory?

Need theory, also known as Three needs theory, proposed by psychologist David McClelland, is a motivational model that attempts to explain how the needs for achievement, affiliation, power affect the actions of people from a managerial context.

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What is a positive psychological contract?

A healthy or positive psychological contract is. a continuous image of the employment relationship that involves the ongoing management and adjustment of beliefs and commitments on both sides.

How is the psychological contract applied in practice?

A psychological contract is an individual’s belief in the reciprocal obligation between employees and their company. Essentially, this means what the employee believes the company owes them, and what they owe in return.

Is absenteeism a direct or indirect cost?

Alongside the direct monetary cost of absenteeism are the indirect costs. These are more “hidden” expenses including high turnover, poor production quality, and inability to meet customer demand, excess management time, and increased safety issues.

Is absenteeism and indirect cost?

Alongside the direct monetary cost of absenteeism are the indirect costs. These are more “hidden” expenses including high turnover, poor production quality, and inability to meet customer demand, excess management time, and increased safety issues.

What is the cost of absenteeism?

According to Absenteeism: The Bottom-Line Killer, a publication of the workforce solution company Circadian, unscheduled absenteeism costs roughly $3,600 per year for each hourly worker and $2,660 each year for salaried employees. The costs can be attributed to many factors including: Wages paid to absent employees.

What are the key elements of equity theory?

The equity theory contains two primary components: inputs and outcomes. It is a team member’s perception of these two factors that can influence their motivation levels.

What is equity theory communication?

Equity theory, predicts that a good relationship is one in which a person’s ratio of costs and rewards is equal to that of a person’s partner. Based on the Adams notion of distributed justice, that people think and act so that the rewards are distributed in accordance with their efforts.

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What is an example of equity theory?

Equity Theory is based on the idea that individuals are motivated by fairness. As an example of equity theory, if an employee learns that a peer doing exactly the same job as them is earning more money, then they may choose to do less work, thus creating fairness in their eyes.

What are the three needs theory?

McClelland’s Needs Theory is sometimes referred to as Three Need theory or Learned Needs Theory. McClelland has identified three basic motivating needs, Viz. Need for Power, Need for Affiliation and Need for Achievement and, along with his associates performed a considerable research work on these basic needs.

What is the theory of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs?

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory in psychology comprising a five-tier model of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid. Needs lower down in the hierarchy must be satisfied before individuals can attend to needs higher up.

What are the three types of needs?

Understanding the 3 types of needs: Achievement, affiliation, and power.

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