Why Is The Term Paraphilia Used In Much Of Psychological And Psychiatric Literature?

What is a paraphilia?

Paraphilias are frequent, intense, sexually arousing fantasies or behaviors that involve inanimate objects, children or nonconsenting adults, or suffering or humiliation of oneself or the partner.

What causes a paraphilia?

The exact causes leading to the development of paraphilias or paraphilic disorders are not known, though some experts posit that childhood sexual trauma may play a role. Others believe certain objects or situations may become sexually arousing if they are frequently associated with pleasurable sexual activity.

Which is the most common paraphilic disorder?

The most common are pedophilia (sexual focus on children), exhibitionism (exposure of genitals to strangers), voyeurism (observing private activities of unaware victims) and frotteurism (touching or rubbing against a nonconsenting person).

What is the main aim of the treatment for paraphilic disorders?

The primary aims of the treatment are: • To control paraphilic fantasies and behaviors (this will help to decrease the risk of sexual offences espe- cially in cases of pedophilia or rape); • To decrease the level of distress of the paraphilic subject.

Is Chronophilia a disorder?

Pedophilic disorder is further defined as psychological disorder in which a person meets the criteria for pedophilia above, and also either acts upon those urges, or else experiences distress or interpersonal difficulty as a consequence.

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What are the 8 Paraphilic disorders?

The chapter on paraphilic disorders includes eight conditions: exhibitionistic disorder, fetishistic disor- der, frotteuristic disorder, pedophilic disorder, sexual masochism disorder, sexual sadism disorder, transvestic disorder, and voyeuristic disorder.

What is the best treatment for Paraphilic disorders?

Medications that may be considered in the treatment of paraphilic disorders include the following:

  • Antidepressants, such as lithium and various selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  • Long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormones (ie, medical castration), such as leuprolide acetate and triptorelin.

What are the symptoms of Paraphilic disorder?

Paraphilic disorders are recurrent, intense, sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors that are distressing or disabling and that involve inanimate objects, children or nonconsenting adults, or suffering or humiliation of oneself or the partner with the potential to cause harm.

What are examples of paraphilia?

DSM-5 describes 8 of the more commonly observed paraphilic disorders:

  • Voyeuristic disorder.
  • Exhibitionistic disorder.
  • Frotteuristic disorder.
  • Sexual masochism disorder.
  • Sexual sadism disorder.
  • Pedophilic disorder.
  • Fetishistic disorder.
  • Transvestic disorder.

What is a Frotteuristic disorder?

Frotteuristic disorder, or frotteurism, is a rare and poorly researched type of paraphilia. It involves the act of touching or rubbing one’s genitals against another non-consenting individual in a sexual manner, to attain sexual gratification.

Can Paraphilic disorders be treated?

Treatment of paraphilic sexual disorders usually involves the combination of psychotherapy and medication. Paraphilias are quite chronic, such that a minimum of 2 years of treatment is recommended for even the mildest paraphilia.

What is the difference between paraphilia and paraphilic disorder?

In the case of paraphilias, a new distinction is made between a paraphilia ( atypical sexual interest or behaviour ) and a paraphilic disorder (a mental disorder stemming from the atypical behaviour).

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